25, Nethaji Road
Nagapattinam 611 001
Tourism Plays a Key Economy for the District even though Agriculture and Fishing are the Major ones. Shrines, Places of Hindu Faith, Mosques forms the Spritual Tourism for the district. Annual Festivals and functions marks glory of the Year. Heritages like Tarangam padi Fort, Poompuhar speaks of the rich civilization of this land.
One of the major economies of the District, Agriculture contributes a higher share of Rice Production in the State. We have raised so many important agricultural crop in our District. Rice, Groundnut, Pulses, Gingelly, Sugarcane and Cotton.
Sericulture is an art of rearing silkworm for the production of cocoons which is the raw material for the production of silk. India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five kinds of silk - Mulberry, Eri, Muga, Tropical Tasar and Temperate Tasar. But in Tamil Nadu, mostly mulberry silk is produced. The larva of mulberry silk moth, Bombyx mori, is a domesticated form which feeds on the leaves of Mulberry tree, Morus alba. The larva of mulberry silk moth grows for about 20-23 days feeding mulberry leaves. The fully matured larva spins to protect itself just before the pupa stage, a cocoon out of the most expensive and purest of threads, silk.
No other fabric has fascinated man so continuously over millennia as silk. It is royal in its splendor, exotic and sensuous in its radiance. An aura of luxury has always surrounded and still surrounds, cloths made of silk. No other fabric drapes more beautifully or flatters the body more than silk. Silken shine, silken soft, and silken smooth - these epithets show that the queen of fabrics is a symbol of beauty, plain and simple.
- To increase the area under mulberry for increased cocoon production.
- Converting the cocoon into silk through reeling & twisting.
- Assist to market cocoon, raw silk & ready silk.
- Welfare of people involved in sericulture & allied activities through crop insurance & health insurance.
Farmer awareness programme
The farmers awareness programmes were conducted in sericulture villages. Sericulture farmers are motivated to follow latest technologies. In this programme an interaction session is arranged betwee n farmers and a team of sericulture scientists , bankers , co-ordinator fr om an insurance company and forest staff
Infrastructure of the Department of Sericulture, TamilNadu
For implementing various developmental schemes of the Department, the following infrastructure facilities are available in the State.
- Five Regional Offices and 26 offices of the Asst. Directors are functioning.
- An office headed by a Deputy Director is functioning at Hosur, to monitor silkworm seed co-ordination.
- TamilNadu Sericulture Training Institute at Hosur, headed by a Principal / Deputy Director, is functioning for imparting Sericulture training to farmers and staff.
- For the distribution of silkworm layings to the sericulturists eleven Govt. grainages, Three Central Silk Board's grainages and Six private Grainages are functioning in Tamil Nadu.
- For providing marketing facilities for the cocoons produced by the Sericulturists, 19 cocoon markets are functioning.
- Nineteen seed farms for the production of seed cocoons and 2 P1 grainages for the production of seed layings are functioning.
- Thirty two Govt. Silk Farms are engaged in providing training to the sericulturists, distributing mulberry saplings, chawkie worms to the sericulturists and educating the sericulture farmers.
- For the silk reeling and silk twisting 8 Govt. Silk Reeling units and 3 Govt. Silk twisting units are functioning as Pilot Centres.
- A Silk Exchange headed by a Deputy Director is functioning at Kancheepuram, for ensuring fair transaction of silk.
- Tamil Nadu Co-operative Silk Producers Federation, TANSILK an apex co-operative body, with Headquarters at Kancheepuram and with branches at Kancheepuram, Arni, Kumbakonam, Salem, Erode and Coimbatore is functioning for the purchase of raw silk and ready silk and supply them to the Handloom Weavers Co-operative Societies and other weaving sectors.
New Plantation Subsidy
The Farmers who Plant improved mulberry variety in their field for silkworm rearing are given a sum of Rs.4125/- per acre as subsidy [Plantation subsidy eligible upto one hectare
Subsidy for Construction of separate raring shed
For the Construction of separate silk worm rearing shed , 50% of the unit cost is given as subsidy to the farmers, as detailed below
|Shed Level||Floor area [Sq. ft]||Unit cost in Lakhs||Subsidy 50 %|
The farmers who establish drip irrigation system in their mulberry garden were given 75 % subsidy of Rs. 15000/-per acre [unit cost Rs.20000/- and eligible upto one hectare] In the current year it has been propos ed to provide 100 % subsidy to the small and marginal farmers
The Farmers who establish silkworm rearing racks [ for shelf rearing ] in the rearing shed are given rearing appliances to the wo rth of Rs. 30000/- as subsidy