District Blind Control Society
This fort was declared as a protected monument by the Department of Archaeology, Government of Tamilnadu in 1977 ADThe Danes constructed fortifications on the coast at Tranquebar. This was the only busy trade centre on the Coromandal coast for the Danes. This fort was a busy trade centre till 1845 AD when the Danes handed over the fort to the English. It was used as a Public Works Department Travellers Bungalow for government servants and colonials till 1977 AD.
district blind control society
National Programme for Control of Blindness [NPCB] was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% centrally sponsored programme with the goal of achieving a prevalence rate of 0.3% of population. The four pronged strategy of the programme is:
- strengthening service delivery,
- developing human resources for eye care,
- promoting outreach activities and public awareness and
- developing institutional capacity.
The implementation of the programme was decentralized in 1994-95 with formation of District Health Society in each district of the country. The Government of India has been issuing guidelines from time to time to utilize the funds released to the District Health Society in an effective and efficient manner. The District Health Society is expected to enhance the coverage and improve quality of eye care services in the district.
COMPOSITION OF THE DISTRICT HEALTH SOCIETY
The District Health Society has a maximum of 15 members, consisting of not more than 8 exofficio and 7 other members as detailed below:
- District Collector/District Mission Director
- Chief Medical & Health Officer/District Health Officer
- Member Secretary
- Officer of the level of Deputy CMO preferably an Ophthalmologist may be designated as District Programme Manager who would also be the Member Secretary of the society.
- Technical Advisor
- Chief Ophthalmic Surgeon of District hospital. In districts where Medical Colleges are located, Head of the Department of Ophthalmology may be designated as Technical Advisor to the society.
- Medical Superintendent/ Civil Surgeon of Distt. Hospital District Education Officer [IMA, District chapter of AIOS etc.] Representatives from NGOs engaged in eye care services District Mass media/ IEC officer Prominent practicing eye surgeons
- There should be at least one woman and one SC/ST member in the District Health Society. The
membership of non officials should be of one year only and renewable as per the General Body
decisions for further period.
- The ex-officio members shall be members as long as they hold the office by virtue of which
they are members. The term of other members shall be for the period notified by the Chairman
of the society.
- It is essential that the District Health Society informs the Registrar of the Society and the
State/National Programme officer about the current composition/ membership at the beginning
of each year.
- In States where integrated Health and Family Welfare Society has been constituted at State and District levels, functions of District Health Society would be carried out by the integrated society out of grant-in-aid released.
- There should be at least one woman and one SC/ST member in the District Health Society. The membership of non officials should be of one year only and renewable as per the General Body decisions for further period.
On the basis of scheme approved for the 11th Plan, important functions of the District Health Society are:-
- To assess the magnitude and spread of blindness in the district by means of active case finding village wise to be recorded and maintained in Blind Registers [Format I];
- To organize screening camps for identifying those requiring cataract surgery and other blinding disorders, organize transportation and conduct of free medical or surgical services including cataract surgery for the poor in Government facilities or NGOs supporting the programme;
- To plan and organize training of community level workers, teachers and ophthalmic assistants/nurses involved in eye care services;
- To procure drugs and consumables including micro-surgical instruments required in the Government facilities;
- To receive and monitor use of funds, equipments and materials from the government and other agencies/donors;
- To involve voluntary and private hospitals providing free/subsidized eye care services in the District and identify NGO facilities that can be considered for non-recurring grants under the programme;
- To organize screening of school children for detection of refractive errors and other eye problems and provide free glasses to poor children;
- To promote eye donation through various media and monitor collection and utilization of eyes collected by eye donation centres and eye banks.
- The PMOAs [Paramedical Ophthalmic Assistance] shall be doing the regular screening for and other diseases in the out reach camps. They shall be under the direct control of the District Ophthalmic Surgeon / DPM. The TA/DA of the PMOA is for the out reach camps conducted shall be paid by District Health Society.
[a] Central level
- A Central Coordination Committee may be constituted with members from DGHS, Ministry of Health & FW, Ministry of Social Welfare and Empowerment and Subject 7. SCHEME FOR EXAMINATION AND TREATMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN BLIND SCHOOLS Title of the Scheme
[b] state level
- State Ophthalmic Board consisting of Eye Specialists may be constituted for detailed eye examination of the blind referred by District Ophthalmic Boards to assess feasibility of treatment and sight restoration.
[c] district level
- District Ophthalmic Board consisting of Eye Specialists may be constituted to examine children and adolescents admitted to blind schools. Members of the board should include ophthalmic surgeons specializing in pediatric ophthalmology, retina and cornea. In case such specialists are not available in the district, such boards may be constituted at divisional/regional level.
District Health Society [or Integrated Health Society] will be responsible for implementation. Following activities would be undertaken under the scheme:
- Annual eye check up of all incumbents of blind schools covering visual acuity, fundus examination and other appropriate advanced tests required to assess chances of visual
- Eye check-up of applicants who desire to seek admission in a blind school and issue of certificate of incurable blindness recommending admission to a blind school. No person would be admitted to blind school without this certificate. In doubtful cases, the District Ophthalmic Board can refer cases to State Ophthalmic Board for final opinion.
- Referral of curable blind to organizations for treatment to identified panel of eye care
facilities as per recommendation of the Ophthalmic Board. These facilities would be
identified based on following parameters:
- Infrastructure and equipment for detailed eye examination, surgery and postoperative care for children.
- Trained/ experienced eye specialists in pediatric ophthalmology, corneal and vitreo-retinal surgery and paramedical staff.
- Follow-up of treated cases as per recommendations of the Ophthalmic Board.
- Rehabilitation of incurable blind would be as per scheme of Department of Social Welfare.